Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 03/15/2021

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Village Behavioral Health Treatment Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, there are certain restrictions in place regarding on-site visitation at Village Behavioral Health Treatment Center.

  • These restrictions have been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff receives ongoing infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance is provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Causes, Symptoms & Effects of Oppositional Defiance

No one experiences ODD the same way as someone else. Understanding the signs, symptoms and side effects of ODD is a key component toward starting the recovery journey.

Understanding ODD

Learn about ODD

Even the best-behaved children can act out or be challenging at times. However, children with oppositional defiant disorder have persistent patterns of tantrums, arguing, angry outbursts, and disruptive behavior toward people in authority. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a childhood disorder characterized by negative, defiant, disobedient, and often hostile behaviors most often directed at adults and people in authority. Defiant behaviors are often expressed as persistent stubbornness, refusal to follow directions, and unwillingness to seek common ground, compromise, or negotiate with others, including their peers. A boy or girl who has ODD may constantly test the limits by ignoring directions, arguing, or failing to accept blame for improper behaviors. The hostility they display may be directed at adults or peers and often involves deliberately annoying others with verbal aggression (generally without the physical aggression seen in conduct disorder).

Symptoms of ODD can be seen at home and may or may not be present in a school or community environment. Most children who have ODD don’t consider themselves to be defiant or oppositional toward others, in fact they believe their behavior is a response that is completely justified in reaction to unreasonable demands and circumstances. While most children develop oppositional defiant disorder between the ages of 6 and 8, symptoms can emerge in younger children and persist throughout the teen years.

While living with a child who has oppositional defiant disorder can be a frustrating roller coaster, with the proper amounts of therapeutic intervention, ODD can be managed and overcome. For most children the symptoms of ODD improve over time. In order to outgrow oppositional defiant behavior, it is important that your child realizes that his or her behavior is inappropriate and that they must make a conscious decision to change. A therapist who specializes in disruptive behaviors of childhood will help your child to understand the root cause of their behavior, learn new ways of handling negative emotions, and learn new strategies for appropriate and healthier behaviors.


ODD statistics

Oppositional defiant disorder is among the most commonly diagnosed mental health conditions of childhood. Between 1% and 16% of children meet the criteria for ODD in the United States.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for ODD

Oppositional defiant disorder is thought to be caused by a combination of risk factors working together. It is thought to be the result of a combination of genetic, physical, social, and psychological factors. The risk factors for ODD may include:

Genetic: Oppositional defiant disorder tends to run in families; children who are born to parents who had ODD as a child are at greater risk for developing the disorder themselves. Additionally, parents who have a history of ADHD, substance abuse, depressive disorders, or bipolar disorder are at higher risk for having a child who develops ODD.

Physical: Brain imaging studies indicate that children who have ODD may have very subtle differences in the part of the brain that is responsible for reasoning, judgment, and impulse control. Additionally, an imbalance of certain brain chemicals, such as serotonin, may exist.

Environment: There are a number of environmental factors that can put a child at risk for development of oppositional defiant disorder. For example, lack of structure or parental supervision, inconsistent discipline, and exposure to abuse or violence in the community all can play a part in the development of the disorder.

Psychological: Children who have ADHD are at greater risk for developing oppositional defiant disorder. Additionally, a child’s natural disposition can have a lot to do with the development of this disorder. Those children who are extremely aggressive and have troubles interpreting and identifying social cues from peers are more likely to develop ODD.

Risk factors:

  • Development delays
  • Family instability
  • Parents with marital problems or who have gone through divorce
  • Financial problems in family
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of ODD

At times it may be difficult for parents to recognize the difference between a child who is just being stubborn or emotional and one who has oppositional defiant disorder. While it is normal for all children to display some defiant behavior during certain developmental stages, there is a difference between the usual independence-seeking behaviors and the highly disruptive behaviors of ODD. Symptoms of ODD generally appear before eight years of age, although some children do not display symptoms until the early teen years. Children who have oppositional defiant disorder will have a wide range of symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms of ODD include:

Behavioral Symptoms:

  • Disobedience
  • Refusal to comply with adult requests or rules
  • Deliberate attempts to annoy or upset others
  • Blaming others for his or her mistakes or defiant behaviors
  • Easily annoyed by others
  • Mean, hateful talking while upset
  • Revenge-seeking behaviors
  • Frequent temper tantrums
  • Extreme arguing with adults (especially those in authority)
  • Questioning rules

Psychosocial Symptoms:

  • Low self-esteem
  • Social impairment
  • Trouble maintaining friendships
  • Anger
  • Resentment
  • Spiteful attitude
  • Negativity

Effects of ODD

If oppositional defiant disorder is not properly treated, not only can it cause the parents a large amount of unnecessary stress and frustration, but it can create a number of difficulties for the child as well. It’s vital for parents to seek help for their child before the problems become severe and lead to further complications in their lives. Long-term effects of ODD can include:

  • Scholastic difficulties
  • Suspension or expulsion
  • Lack of self-esteem
  • Substance abuse and addiction
  • Severe delinquency
  • Poor communication skills
  • Lack of friendships
  • Legal problems
  • Conduct disorder
  • Antisocial personality disorder
Co-Occurring Disorders

ODD and co-occurring disorders

There are some disorders that frequently occur with oppositional defiant disorder that make this disorder that much more challenging to manage. It is important that all co-occurring disorders are treated simultaneously, as they can create or worsen the disorder if left untreated. These include:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Mood disorders
  • Learning disorders
  • Communication disorders
  • Substance abuse

An Ideal Place to Heal

With a serene environment, individualized treatment plans, engaging activities, and top-of-the-line education for each adolescent, Village Behavioral Health sets itself apart as a treatment center that makes positive change in each child’s life.

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