Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 10/09/2020

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Village Behavioral Health Treatment Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Village Behavioral Health Treatment Center.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Causes, Symptoms & Effects of Attachment Disorders

No one experiences reactive attachment disorder the same way as someone else. Understanding the signs, symptoms and side effects of reactive attachment disorder is a key component toward starting the recovery journey.

Understanding Reactive Attachment Disorder

Learn about reactive attachment disorder

Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a complex, severe, and relatively uncommon condition in which infants and young children do not establish lasting, healthy bonds with parents or caregivers. While this condition is rare, it is serious. In many cases a child with RAD has been the victim of abuse, neglect, or abandonment or is orphaned. These children have never established a loving, caring attachment with anyone. Undeveloped attachments may permanently damage a child’s growing brain and hurt their ability to establish future relationships. Additionally, it can lead to controlling, aggressive, or delinquent behaviors, trouble relating to peers, and other problems.

Attachment is the deep connection between a child and his or her caregiver that is encoded into the brain of a young child during early years of development. Proper attachment has a profound impact upon every component of the human body. Attachment to a loving caregiver or parent who provides support, love, and guidance is one of our basic human needs.

Generally beginning before the age of 5, reactive attachment disorder is a condition that lasts a lifetime. However, children and adolescents who have reactive attachment disorder are able to learn to develop stable and healthier relationships with caregivers and parents through an effective treatment program.


Reactive attachment disorder statistics

Since reactive attachment disorder is rarely seen in clinical settings, the prevalence rate of reactive attachment disorder is unknown. Often this disorder has been found in children who have been exposed to extreme, severe neglect, however even in this population this disorder occurs in less than 10% of these children.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for reactive attachment disorder

Children are born naturally resilient and even children who have been neglected or lived in orphanages can develop perfectly healthy relationships with others. It is not understood why some children develop reactive attachment disorder and why others do not. A few hypothesis about this causes for development of this disorder include:

Physical: When a child’s needs are ignored or are met with physically abusive responses from caregivers that child learns to expect hostility or rejection. After a period of time that child becomes distrustful and begins to avoid social contact. These emotional interactions between babies and caregivers may affect the development in the brain, causing attachment problems, as well as affecting personality and relationships throughout the child’s life.

Risk Factors:

  • Living in an orphanage
  • Inexperienced parents
  • Frequent changes in caregivers
  • Institutional care
  • Extreme neglect
  • Prolonged hospitalization
  • Physical, sexual, or verbal abuse
  • Extreme poverty
  • Removed from neglectful or abusive home
  • Parents with mental illness, drug abuse, or anger management problems
  • Mother who has post-partum depression

Even though some of the causes for reactive attachment disorder are unavoidable, the message to the child’s psyche is the same, “my needs don’t matter.” This hard-wired belief is very challenging for a child or teen to overcome – the belief that he or she doesn’t actually matter can impact nearly every facet of his or her life.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of reactive attachment disorder

Reactive attachment disorder can negatively affect all areas of a child or adolescent’s life and development. There are two main types of reactive attachment disorder: inhibited and disinhibited. Not much research has been done on the signs and symptoms of this disorder beyond early childhood, however as children grow older they may develop either inhibited or disinhibited behavior patterns. In some cases an adolescent will display symptoms of both types. Some common signs and symptoms may include:

Inhibited type:

  • Detached
  • Unresponsive or resistant to comforting
  • Withdrawn
  • Avoidant
  • Shuns relationships with everyone

Disinhibited type:

  • Indiscriminate sociability
  • Inappropriately familiar or selective in choice in attachment figures
  • Seeks attention from anyone
  • Displays inappropriate childish behavior
  • Frequently asks for help doing things
  • Violates social boundaries

Additional symptoms:

Relationships: In relationships, a person who has RAD may be bossy, untrusting, manipulative, and controlling. They may have challenges giving or receiving genuine love and affection. Their unstable peer relationships are tenuous at best, as children and teens with RAD blame others for their mistakes or challenges.

Behavioral: Destructive, irresponsible, impulsive, and defiant behaviors. Children or teens with RAD may steal, lie, abuse others, start fires, behave cruelly to animals, or act in a self-destructive manner. They also may avoid physical contact with others, and engage in drug or alcohol abuse.

Moral:  Teens with RAD may lack faith, compassion, and remorse for their actions.

Emotional: Children who have RAD may feel sad, moody, fearful, anxious, depressed, and hopeless. These children may display inappropriate emotional reactions.

Thoughts: Children and teens who have RAD may have negative beliefs about themselves, life, and other relationships. These children and teens are unable to understand the concept of cause and effect. Additionally, they may experience inattention and challenges with learning.


Effects of reactive attachment disorder

The complications of reactive attachment disorder can continue into adolescence and into later adulthood, causing a number of long-term negative effects. Some of these effects may include:

  • Poor self-esteem
  • Delayed physical growth or learning
  • Challenges in scholastic environment that may lead a teen with RAD to drop out of school
  • Delinquent or antisocial behavior
  • Temper or anger problems
  • Relationship problems
  • Eating problems leading to malnutrition
  • Academic problems
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Substance and alcohol addiction
  • Unemployment or frequent job changes
  • Inappropriate sexual behaviors
Co-Occurring Disorders

Reactive attachment disorder and co-occurring disorders

There are a number of conditions that are associated with neglect and therefore often occur with reactive attachment disorder. Some of these disorders and conditions include:

  • Cognitive delays
  • Language delays
  • Severe malnutrition
  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorders
  • ADHD

An Ideal Place to Heal

With a serene environment, individualized treatment plans, engaging activities, and top-of-the-line education for each adolescent, Village Behavioral Health sets itself apart as a treatment center that makes positive change in each child’s life.

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